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Designing resiliency of city infrastructures comprised of present and next generation systems using gaming technology


DESIGNING RESILIENCY OF CITY INFRASTRUCTURES COMPRISED OF PRESENT AND NEXT GENERATION SYSTEMS USING GAMING TECHNOLOGY

Adrian Gheorghe

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA, adriangheorghe9145[AT]gmail.com

Sviatoslav Timashev

Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg

Science and Engineering Center «Reliability and Safety of Large Systems and Machines» of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, timashevs[AT]gmail.com To be capable of making informed decisions on increasing resiliency of a city, a system of systems concept for infrastructures providing complex services is introduced [1]. In the framework of this concept the risk analysis focuses on providing information on risk and vulnerability of interdependent critical infrastructures (ICI), and starts from assessing the risk of major accidents in city infrastructures due to a variety of activities (storage, processing, and transportation). This segment of risk analysis is vast and involves usage of multiple results from many sectors of fundamental and applied sciences and engineering.

The next part of the analysis captures risks from continuous airborne, soil and waterborne emissions of poisonous substances, which gradually deteriorate human health and the environment. Transportation of dangerous goods and substances is another major risk aspect of day-to-day city operation. Paper provides a vulnerability assessment of critical facilities along potential routes. From this data, the “safest” route is identified along with a list of potential countermeasures to reduce the vulnerability of critical facilities along the routes.

An innovative approach to in-depth research of CI resilience is being developed by the authors, dubbed “the living experiment” in addressing such complex issues which extends from the use of GIS (e.g. Google Earth) technology to the new powerful capabilities offered by the gaming industry: an entire use of the SimCity modeling, simulation and visualization capabilities is demonstrated. A comparison between the two indicated technologies is offered.

The described above work serves to providing an analysis such that decision makers can make informed decisions on ways to reduce risk and vulnerability of city critical infrastructures, addressing practical problems for land use planning, while improving resilience of the city by addressing socio - technical aspects for the current and next generation infrastructures exposed to threats uncommon in the near past century.

References

Adrian V. Gheorghe, Marcelo Masera and P.F. Katina Infranomics: Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance (Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality) Publisher: Springer, 2013. 422 p.








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